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 African Perspectives 2009 Congress
The African City Centre Re(sourced)


Papers and Posters

Dialogue on architecture no 4: African Perspectives Tshwane-Pretoria 


African Perspectives started off in July 2005 in Dar es Salaam. The conference on Modern Architecture in East Africa around Independence was jointly organised by ArchiAfrika, the Architects Association of Tanzania (AAT) and the University College of Lands and Architectural Studies (UCLAS). The conference was preceded by a students’ workshop on modernist Tanzanian architecture under guidance of ArchiAfrika and tutors of the Universities of Leuven (KUL), Eindhoven (TUE) and Delft (TUD).

The outcome of the debates in Dar es Salaam a query into the identity of contemporary African Architecture became main theme at the second African Perspectives event in Kumasi, in June 2007: African Architecture Today. This conference was initiated by the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST) and co-organised by ArchiAfrika.

The Kumasi debates unveiled the multifaceted richness of contemporary architectures spread over the African continent. This variety stood, in turn, at the basis of the inventorisation of north-south dialogues on the various disciplines within the architectural profession ranging from building technology to urbanism during the third African Perspectives event in Delft in December 2007.

The organisation this time was in the hands of Delft University of Technology (TUD), ArchiAfrika and Verstegen & Stigter and entailed not only a conference, but also workshops, a film programme, food explorations, an art exhibition and music performances. This multidisciplinary cultural approach, going well beyond the scope of the architectural profession, was commonly approved and seen as basis for future African Perspectives to be.

At the core of African Perspectives in Delft was the work of Titus Matiyane, an autodidact artist from Atteridgeville in Tshwane, who paints vast panoramas of urban landscapes from all over the world. With the fourth dialogue on African architecture in Tshwane-Pretoria, Titus’ work returns home. This time, African Perspectives is organised by the Pretoria Institute for Architecture (PIA), the University of Pretoria (UP) and ArchiAfrika. The annual South African Students’ Congress takes place simultaneously and is focussed on the same subject.

That the focus of African Perspectives would this time be on the city centre, is a logical consequence after Delft. The debate in Delft circled around the heart of the African City. What defines this heart, is it a historical core, a business district or no physical location at all? Food for a lengthy palaver.

Out of the central theme, three sub-themes were distilled to enable in-depth debate: (1) the African City Centre in contemporary global context, (2) the (historic) identity of the African City Centre and (3) the future life of the African City Centre. It is on these three sub-themes that entries were called-in.

Entries that range from art work, film, architectural projects to scientifically reviewed academic papers. These are included in the following presentation.

The fourth dialogue on architecture does not limit itself to talks about architecture. The city of Tshwane-Pretoria, being the physical location of African Perspectives, is involved in the event through student’s workshops and tours to which the Administration of the City of Tshwane has contributed.  As at African Perspectives in Delft, other cultural expressions play their prominent role. There is a film programme organised by the African Film Festival, and an art exhibit by MAP, with the African City Centre as leitmotiv.

At the closure of the fourth African Perspective, the next stop of African Perspectives will be introduced, and some first thoughts will be tabled that may influence the focus of the fifth dialogue in Casablanca in 2011.

Candidates for the sixth African Perspectives, to be held in 2013, are herewith invited to make themselves known, because we will not have finished our dialogue in Casablanca......

Process: Refereed Papers and Posters

Dept Architecture at University of Pretoria and ArchiAfrika

The Conference Proceedings is a scientific document that contains Refereed papers and Posters, as well as non-refereed contributions. After the Call for Abstracts a Scientific Committee was identified and appointed for the process of selecting abstracts according to a strict scoring procedure where a cut-off line was established for quality purposes. Referees reviewed the draft papers blind and comments and recommendations on the papers were sent to authors blind.

The papers were required to follow the scientific method of citation and referencing. Refereed paper authors and Poster presenters received a template and had to follow the Harvard Method for citations and the List of Sources.


The Scientific Committee of AP2009:

 Chairs of the SC:

Karel A Bakker PhD Professor and HOD at Dept Architecture, University of Pretoria
Antoni Folkers Director ArchiAfrika and practising architect


Members of the SC:

Henri Comrie PhD Urban Design Practitioner
AbdouMaliq Simone PhD Professor, Goldsmiths University, London
Gaëtan Siew IPP Union Internationale des Architects
Abdelmoumen Benabdeljalil Director, School Architecture, Casablanca
Livin Mosha PhD Dean ARDHI University, Fac Architecture, Dar es Salaam
Lazare Eloundou-Assomo Director Africa Section – UNESCO WHC
Lindsay Bremner PhD Tyler School of Art, Dept Architecture, Univ Philadelphia
Suha Ozkan Chairman World Architecture Community, Istanbul
George Intsiful PhD Professor and HOD, KNUST, Dept Architecture, Kumasi
Hilde Heynen PhD Professor and HOD, ASRO Catholic University, Leuven
Nnamdi Elleh Assoc Prof, University of Cincinnatti
Paul Meurs PhD Professor, DelftTU, Fac Architecture, RMIT
Ola Oduku Edinburgh College of Arts
Iain Low PhD Professor, Dept Architecture, University of Cape Town

Master keynote address

  Title and Author
Imagining Urban Futures                                                                                                                 
Heinrich Wolff
Economic heterogeneity and the return of the central city
Abdumaliq Simone


Refereed papers

  Title and Author 
  The woes of a 'straight jacketed' central business district: The case study of Odum, Kumasi
S.O. Afram and G.F.A. Olympio

  Meanings and perceptions of the built environment peri-urban areas of Maputo, Mozambique
Jorgen E Andersen

  The indigenous urban tissue of Addis-Ababa - A city model for the future growth of African metropolis
Prof. Dr. Jörg Baumeister and Prof Nikolaus Knebel
  Agency in an African city. The various trajectories through time and space of the public market of Kinshasha
Luce Beeckmans

  Recentering the city: An anthropology of secondary cities in Africa
Filip De Boeck, Ann Cassiman and Steven van Wolputte

  The urban market: Social and spatial configurations in the African city
Garret Gantner

  Working on cities: an Experience from Kumasi, Ghana. A design studio for architects and urban managment students
Ellen Geurts (EHM)

  'Cities without slums'? Global architects of power and the African city
Branwen Gruffydd Jones

  coffeemanifesto: sampling instant and slow spaces in the African city
Hannah le Roux
  Planned and unplanned towns in former Portuguese colonies in sub-saharan Africa: an analysis of Silveira's Iconografia
M.C. Matos, T.B. Ramos and L.P. Costa
  Narrating urban acupuncture[s]
Bärbel Müller

Diagnoses on Cairo City, reflective analysis of Ramses square
Ayatollah Musa and Robert H.C. van Kats
UniverCity-centre: the university as an anchor and its capacity for democratizing urban space
Caroline Newton
The evolution of the Kibuga into Kampala's city centre - analysis of the transformation of an African city
Dr. Barnabas Nawangwe
A search for specificity: learning from Africa
Liz Ogbu
Ethical positions in Built Environment education
Mark R.O. Olweny and Charles L.M. Olweny

Ile-Ife: a cultural phenomenon in the throes of transformation
Cordelia O. Osasona, Lee O. Ogunshakin and David A. Jiboye
African city: towards a new paradigm - "chameleonic" urbanism for hybrid cities
DMLS Viana
Xilunguine, Lourenço Marques, Maputo – structure and agency
in urban form: past, present and future

Paul Jenkins

Refereed Posters  

Learning from Earth
Caitlin Martusewicz
1 - 2
Garden City Settlements
Garret Gantner
Between Land and Water
Giovanni Vio
Working on Cities
Imanuel Sirron-Kakpor
1 - 3 - 5
2 - 4 - 6
Modernism vs Capitalism
Paulo Moreira