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Animal Ethics Committee (AEC)

ANIMAL ETHICS COMMITTEE (AEC)

(Previously known as the Animal Use and Care Committee – AUCC)

Welcome to the website of the AEC, a subcommittee of the Committee for Research Ethics and Integrity of the University of Pretoria, which reports to its Senate Committee for Research. All the faculties of UP involved in research for which experimental animals are used are represented on the AEC, i.e. Veterinary Science, Health Sciences and Natural and Agricultural Sciences. In addition the UP Biomedical Research Centre (UPBRC), the Law Faculty and the National SPCA are represented, the latter as representative of the public and of animal welfare organizations. The mandate of the AEC is to ensure that the use of experimental animals is necessary, that the number of animals used is reduced to a minimum, that unnecessary suffering of the animals is excluded and their well-being ensured and that the National Code of welfare standards for each species is maintained. A secondary goal is to protect the university and its faculties as well as the researchers from possible legal action. In order to achieve these goals all projects involving experimental animals have to be submitted to and approved by the AEC before it may proceed. Similarly, the use of animals for teaching purposes is also screened and approved on an annual basis.

Following legal advice, the Senate Committee for Research Ethics decided that all studies involving animals, even purely observational studies on wild animals, for example, must be approved by the AEC. We therefore included the collection of nasal and pharyngeal swabs in our latest version of the questionnaire, for example. We also have to approve studies where blood or other samples are used which have been collected during previous studies. According to international guidelines, ethical approval is required for studies using specimens from a bio-bank or previously stored samples

 
Utilization of the UPBRC

In 2002 the University of Pretoria approved the establishment of its Biomedical Research Centre at the Onderstepoort Campus as a centralized facility for research involving experimental animals. The mandate of the Centre includes the following:

  1. The provision of facilities for experimental animals that meet the highest international standards.
  2. The training of specialized professional and technical staff who can assist and supervise researchers in carrying out approved research projects involving experimental animals.
  3. Assuring that all ethical and legal requirements for the care and use of experimental animals, as set out in the National Standard, are met, thus protecting both the researcher and the University against possible legal actions.
  4. The improvement of the general standard of animal experimentation and ensuring that animal use is justified.

Utilization of the UPBRC facilities

Establishment of the UPBRC was preceded by extensive negotiations between the faculties involved. Agreement was reached that in order to meet the above requirements, and to justify the considerable investment by the university, it was essential that its facilities should be used whenever possible.

Consequently the Grové Animal Centre at the Faculty of Health Sciences and various other small animal housing units were closed down and all experimental procedures which involves animals and which will benefit man or other animals must be done at the UPBRC. However, the following exceptions to this rule were agreed upon:

  1. Where animals are used for teaching purposes they may be housed at the relevant department, provided that adequate housing and qualified staff are available and have been approved by the AEC.
  2. When animals are studied for their own benefit, as in the case of the Zoology Department, it can be done at their own specialized facilities after inspection and approval by the AEC. The same applies to studies on farm animals at the ‘proefplaas’ and on wildlife by the Mammal Research Institute.
  3. When facilities outside the University are used, they need to be approved by the AEC and/or the NSPCA and in some cases by DAFF.

 

News

TuksSport athletes taking part in the Commonwealth Games - 25/07/2014
The 2014 Commonwealth Games (officially the XX Commonwealth Games) are held in Glasgow, Scotland from 23 July to 3 August 2014. It is the third largest multi-sport event after the Olympics and the Asian Games, and it will be the largest multi-sport event ever held in Scotland. Around 4 560 athletes will be competing in 17 different sports.
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UP staff member finds herself in a different league - 25/07/2014
Fatima Cassim, who heads the Division of Information Design in the Department of Visual Arts in the Faculty of Humanities at the University of Pretoria, sees increasing potential for design to address some of the complex social, environmental and political problems that society faces. She believes, in particular, that design thinking as a problem-solving methodology can help to envision and enable new futures and mobilise citizens to take action in more meaningful ways. In keeping with this viewpoint, she focuses on design activism and design citizenship in her doctoral thesis at UP.
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Faculty of Health Sciences’ research in Limpopo paves the road for exciting collaborations on prostate cancer - 24/07/2014
The Department of Urology and School of Health Systems and Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria (UP) have been instrumental in the health research being done in the Vhembe district in the Limpopo province for the past twelve years. The presence of UP in the Thohoyandou area has led to a collaborative partnership with a globally recognised access programme, PHAKAMISA, that aims to directly impact on the outcomes achieved with treating and caring for patients suffering from cancer and on the needs of those managing this dreaded disease. This will include support to health care providers as well as prostate cancer patients.
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UP Fine Arts graduate overall winner of the Absa L’Atelier art competition 2014 - 24/07/2014
The Absa L’Atelier art competition is South Africa’s most prestigious annual art event. The award to be won in this competition not only assures South Africa’s emerging artists of recognition, but also affords them the opportunity to develop their talents abroad. The competition is run in conjunction with the South African National Association for the Visual Arts (SANAVA). This year, recent UP graduate Liberty Battson was announced the overall winner for 2014.
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UP's Dr Phatho Cele Zondi to be Chief Medical Officer for Team SA at 2014 Commonwealth Games - 23/07/2014
Dr Phatho Cele Zondi, lecturer in Sports Medicine at UP, has been appointed Chief Medical Officer for Team South Africa at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, Scotland. These games will take place from 23 July to 3 August.
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Nobel Prize Laureate celebrated science on Mandela Day - 22/07/2014
‘Scientists love what they do and every day there is the possibility that they might discover something new and exciting,’ said Prof Martin C Michel, welcoming everybody to the Mandela Day Public Lecture on 18 July 2014.
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Photographs speak louder than words - 22/07/2014
Rory du Plessis, Visual Cultural Studies lecturer in the University of Pretoria (UP)'s Department of Visual Arts, has just returned from a fellowship at the Max Planck Institute for History of Science (MPIWG) in Berlin. The awarded fellowship forms part of his interdisciplinary doctoral studies and was in the research cluster 'Encounters between Medicine, Literature, Philosophy and their Circulation in Public Debates'.
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