(Previously known as the Animal Use and Care Committee – AUCC)
Welcome to the website of the AEC, a subcommittee of the Committee for Research Ethics and Integrity of the University of Pretoria, which reports to its Senate Committee for Research. All the faculties of UP involved in research for which experimental animals are used are represented on the AEC, i.e. Veterinary Science, Health Sciences and Natural and Agricultural Sciences. In addition the UP Biomedical Research Centre (UPBRC), the Law Faculty and the National SPCA are represented, the latter as representative of the public and of animal welfare organizations. The mandate of the AEC is to ensure that the use of experimental animals is necessary, that the number of animals used is reduced to a minimum, that unnecessary suffering of the animals is excluded and their well-being ensured and that the National Code of welfare standards for each species is maintained. A secondary goal is to protect the university and its faculties as well as the researchers from possible legal action. In order to achieve these goals all projects involving experimental animals have to be submitted to and approved by the AEC before it may proceed. Similarly, the use of animals for teaching purposes is also screened and approved on an annual basis.
Following legal advice, the Senate Committee for Research Ethics decided that all studies involving animals, even purely observational studies on wild animals, for example, must be approved by the AEC. We therefore included the collection of nasal and pharyngeal swabs in our latest version of the questionnaire, for example. We also have to approve studies where blood or other samples are used which have been collected during previous studies. According to international guidelines, ethical approval is required for studies using specimens from a bio-bank or previously stored samples
Utilization of the UPBRC
In 2002 the University of Pretoria approved the establishment of its Biomedical Research Centre at the Onderstepoort Campus as a centralized facility for research involving experimental animals. The mandate of the Centre includes the following:
The provision of facilities for experimental animals that meet the highest international standards.
The training of specialized professional and technical staff who can assist and supervise researchers in carrying out approved research projects involving experimental animals.
Assuring that all ethical and legal requirements for the care and use of experimental animals, as set out in the National Standard, are met, thus protecting both the researcher and the University against possible legal actions.
The improvement of the general standard of animal experimentation and ensuring that animal use is justified.
Utilization of the UPBRC facilities
Establishment of the UPBRC was preceded by extensive negotiations between the faculties involved. Agreement was reached that in order to meet the above requirements, and to justify the considerable investment by the university, it was essential that its facilities should be used whenever possible.
Consequently the Grové Animal Centre at the Faculty of Health Sciences and various other small animal housing units were closed down and all experimental procedures which involves animals and which will benefit man or other animals must be done at the UPBRC. However, the following exceptions to this rule were agreed upon:
Where animals are used for teaching purposes they may be housed at the relevant department, provided that adequate housing and qualified staff are available and have been approved by the AEC.
When animals are studied for their own benefit, as in the case of the Zoology Department, it can be done at their own specialized facilities after inspection and approval by the AEC. The same applies to studies on farm animals at the ‘proefplaas’ and on wildlife by the Mammal Research Institute.
When facilities outside the University are used, they need to be approved by the AEC and/or the NSPCA and in some cases by DAFF.
Faculty of Health Sciences Research Day bigger and better! - 29/08/2014
This year’s eagerly anticipated Faculty of Health Sciences’ Research Day at the University of Pretoria (UP) was an eclectic mix of research, education and innovation. The event afforded researchers, as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students from UP the opportunity to present their research findings to the Faculty. Participants presented their endeavours in the form of oral and/or poster presentations.
Harnessing the power of the sun - 29/08/2014
Prof Ken Craig and his research group in the Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering are focusing on the sun and the energy it can provide us. Although the familiar domestic solar panels and solar geysers are becoming more widespread, these provide only local power or energy and are not suitable for large-scale power generation. Therefore, Prof Craig decided to focus on concentrated solar power or CSP.
UP specialist registrar awarded prestigious NIH fellowship - 29/08/2014
Dr Likhona Masika, a specialist registrar in UP’s Department of Chemical Pathology, has been awarded a prestigious two-year fellowship in Clinical Chemistry at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in the USA. The NIH is part of the US Department of Health and Human Services and is the world's largest biomedical research agency.
A new generation of research-driven leaders in agriculture - 28/08/2014
South Africa is a fertile land, so how is it that we have to date been unable to effectively feed our people? According to Mr Shaun Berry of BASF-Becker Underwood, a company involved in a joint research grant partnership with the University of Pretoria and the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF), not enough research is currently being done to develop new technology for South African farmers.
Ethical Research Workshop - 25/08/2014
On 18 August 2014, Professor Stephanie Burton, Vice-Principal for Research and Postgraduate Education at UP, hosted a seminar focusing on ethically responsible research. The theme of the seminar was ‘Human research participants and the ethically responsible advancement of science’. A paper was presented at the event by Dr Felice J Levine, Executive Director of the American Educational Research Association.