(Previously known as the Animal Use and Care Committee – AUCC)
Welcome to the website of the AEC, a subcommittee of the Committee for Research Ethics and Integrity of the University of Pretoria, which reports to its Senate Committee for Research. All the faculties of UP involved in research for which experimental animals are used are represented on the AEC, i.e. Veterinary Science, Health Sciences and Natural and Agricultural Sciences. In addition the UP Biomedical Research Centre (UPBRC), the Law Faculty and the National SPCA are represented, the latter as representative of the public and of animal welfare organizations. The mandate of the AEC is to ensure that the use of experimental animals is necessary, that the number of animals used is reduced to a minimum, that unnecessary suffering of the animals is excluded and their well-being ensured and that the National Code of welfare standards for each species is maintained. A secondary goal is to protect the university and its faculties as well as the researchers from possible legal action. In order to achieve these goals all projects involving experimental animals have to be submitted to and approved by the AEC before it may proceed. Similarly, the use of animals for teaching purposes is also screened and approved on an annual basis.
Following legal advice, the Senate Committee for Research Ethics decided that all studies involving animals, even purely observational studies on wild animals, for example, must be approved by the AEC. We therefore included the collection of nasal and pharyngeal swabs in our latest version of the questionnaire, for example. We also have to approve studies where blood or other samples are used which have been collected during previous studies. According to international guidelines, ethical approval is required for studies using specimens from a bio-bank or previously stored samples
Utilization of the UPBRC
In 2002 the University of Pretoria approved the establishment of its Biomedical Research Centre at the Onderstepoort Campus as a centralized facility for research involving experimental animals. The mandate of the Centre includes the following:
The provision of facilities for experimental animals that meet the highest international standards.
The training of specialized professional and technical staff who can assist and supervise researchers in carrying out approved research projects involving experimental animals.
Assuring that all ethical and legal requirements for the care and use of experimental animals, as set out in the National Standard, are met, thus protecting both the researcher and the University against possible legal actions.
The improvement of the general standard of animal experimentation and ensuring that animal use is justified.
Utilization of the UPBRC facilities
Establishment of the UPBRC was preceded by extensive negotiations between the faculties involved. Agreement was reached that in order to meet the above requirements, and to justify the considerable investment by the university, it was essential that its facilities should be used whenever possible.
Consequently the Grové Animal Centre at the Faculty of Health Sciences and various other small animal housing units were closed down and all experimental procedures which involves animals and which will benefit man or other animals must be done at the UPBRC. However, the following exceptions to this rule were agreed upon:
Where animals are used for teaching purposes they may be housed at the relevant department, provided that adequate housing and qualified staff are available and have been approved by the AEC.
When animals are studied for their own benefit, as in the case of the Zoology Department, it can be done at their own specialized facilities after inspection and approval by the AEC. The same applies to studies on farm animals at the ‘proefplaas’ and on wildlife by the Mammal Research Institute.
When facilities outside the University are used, they need to be approved by the AEC and/or the NSPCA and in some cases by DAFF.
Centre for Human Rights launches gender audit tool - 30/07/2014
The Centre for Human Rights recently launched a gender audit tool to investigate gender equality/inequality at higher education institutions in Africa. The tool, developed with funding from the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is designed to introspectively investigate the state of gender (in) equality at higher education institutions across Africa with a view to fostering greater gender parity.
Commonwealth scholar at UP focuses on relationship between artwork and onlooker - 30/07/2014
Johan Thom, a prolific artist who has received numerous awards and is currently a lecturer in the University of Pretoria's Department of Fine Arts, will soon receive his PhD from the University College of London (UCL) through the Slade School of Art. Thom was awarded a Commonwealth Scholarship by the Canon Collins Trust in 2008 and returned to South Africa last year, when he joined the staff at his alma mater as the coordinator for postgraduate students.
First ERSA Dynamic CGE Modelling Course - 29/07/2014
The Department of Economics hosted the first Economic Research Southern Africa (ERSA) Dynamic Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) Modelling course during July 2014. The course was presented by Prof Peter Dixon and Prof Maureen Bleazby from the Centre of Policy Studies, now located at Victoria University in Melbourne, Australia.
UP now has a satellite health research facility in Thohoyandou, Limpopo! - 29/07/2014
The Department of Urology and the School of Health Systems and Public Health in the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Pretoria (UP) have been performing human and environmental health research in the Vhembe district of the Limpopo province for the past twelve years. This National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)-funded study is a collaborative effort between Prof Brenda Eskenazi, who is the Director of the Center for Children's Environmental Health Research at the University of California, Berkeley Campus, San Francisco, USA, and Prof Riana Bornman of the Department of Urology at UP.
Research explores the drivers behind commitment and achievement - 28/07/2014
It is a known fact that commitment is fundamental to most notable human achievements. But how does identity shape and strengthen people's commitments and provide a framework for the attainment of future goals? Which factors make people’s behaviour predictable and sustainable in the long run, and what are the consequences of commitment? These are the questions that Prof Salomé Human-Vogel aims to answer through her latest research on the factors that drive people to reach their goals, particularly those that play a role in how people regulate their own behaviour.