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                                                   Finding solutions to Africa's water challenges

 Research output and activities
2012: Articles published

 1. Adekola, O., Stamp, J.D., Majozi, T., Garg, A., Bandyopadhyay, S., Karimi I.A. and Srinivasan R. (2012) A unified approach for the optimization of energy and water in multipurpose batch plants. In the proceeding of the 11th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering, Singapore, and Book Series: Computer-Aided Chemical Engineering, 31, 1382-1386.
2. Adhanom, G.T., Stirzaker, R.J., Lorentz, S.L., Annandale, J.G., and Steyn, J.M. (2012) Comparison of methods for determining unsaturated hydraulic conductivity in the wet range to evaluate the sensitivity of wetting front detectors. Water SA, 38, 1, 67-75.

Abidoye, B.O. and Herriges, J. A. (2012) Model uncertainty in characterizing recreation demand. Environ. Resour. Econ., 53, 2, 251-277.

4. Bamuza-Pemu, E.E. and Chirwa, E.M.N (2012) Photocatalytic degradation of geosmin: Reaction pathway analysis. Water SA, 38, 5, 689-695.

Birkholtz, L. M., Bornman, R., Focke, W., Mutero, C. and de Jager, C. (2012) Sustainable malaria control: transdisciplinary approaches for translational applications. Malar.J, 11, Article Number 43,DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-11-431.   

6. Bornman,  M.S. and Bouwman, H. (2012) Environmental pollutants and diseases of sexual development in humans and wildlife in South Africa: harbingers of impact on overall health? Reprod. Domest. Anim., 47 (Suppl. 4), 1–6.
7. Bornman, M.S,  Schlemmer, L., van der Walt, T., van Dyk, C. and Bouwman, H. (2012) Implications for health education and intervention strategies arising from children's caregivers concerns following successful malaria control. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg., 106, 7, 408-414.

Bourblanc, M. (2012), Transforming water resources management in South Africa ‘catchment management agencies' and the ideal of democratic development. J. Intern.l Development, 24,5 (Special Issue: SI), 637-648.

9. Brink, K., van Vuren, J.J. and Bornman R. (2012) Responses of laboratory exposed catfish (Clarias gariepinus) to environmentally relevant concentrations of p,p '-DDT. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 34, 3, 919-925.

Brink, K., van Vuren, J.J. and Bornman R. (2012) The lack of endocrine disrupting effects in catfish (Clarias gariepinus) from a DDT sprayed area.  Environ. Saf. (2012), DOI:10.1016/ j.ecoenv.2012.01.006.

11. Chileshe, G. and van Heerden, R. (2012) SCADA Systems in South Africa nd Their Vulnerabilities. in the Proceeding of the 7th International Conference on Information Warfare and Security  Pages: 90-97 editor: Lysenko V, March 2012, Seattle WA, US.
12.  Chitakira, M., Torquebiau, E. and Ferguson, W. (2012)'Community visioning in a transfrontier conservation area in Southern Africa paves the way towards landscapes combining agricultural production and biodiversity conservation. J Environ. Plann. Man., 55, 9,1228-1247.

Chirwa E,M., and Lebitso, M, T. (2012) Single-cell protein from waste-activated sludge as a protein supplement, assessment of nutritional value of in poultry feed. Water Environ. Res., 8, 12, 2106-2114.   

14. Dhakhwa, S., Bandyopadhyay, S., Majozi, T. and Garg, A. (2012) Efficacy of chemical oxidation and coagulation for cod and color reduction from pulp mill effluent. J. Environ. Eng. (ASCE), 138, 12, 1194-1199.

Duhain, G. L. M. C., Minnaar, A., and Buys, E. M. (2012) Effect of chlorine, blanching, freezing, and microwave heating on Cryptosporidium parvum viability inoculated on green peppers, J. Food Prot., 75, 5, 936-941

16. Du Toit, J. and Casey, N. H. (2012) Iodine as an alleviator of bromine toxicity in thyroid, liver and kidney of broiler chickens. Livest. Sci., 144 (2012) 269–274.

Eiasu, B.K., Steyn, J.M. and Soundy, P. (2012)  Physiomorphological response of rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium spp.) to irrigation frequency. S.Afr. J. Bot.,78,96-103. 


Faling, W., Tempelhoff, J.WN and van Niekerk, D., (2012) Rhetoric or action : are South African municipalities planning for climate change?, Development Southern Africa, 29:2, 241-257.

19. Fenta, B.A., Driscoll, S. P., Kunert, K. J. and Foyer, C. H. (2012) characterization of drought-tolerance traits in nodulated soya beans: the importance of maintaining photosynthesis and shoot biomass under drought-induced limitations on nitrogen metabolism. J. Agron. Crop Sci.,198, 2, 92-103.

Hill, M.P., Coetzee, J.A., and Ueckermann, C (2012) Toxic effect of herbicides used for water hyacinth control on two insects released for its biological control in South Africa. Biocontrol Sci. Technol., 22, 11, 1321-1333.


Ijabadeniyi, O.A. and  Buys, E.M., (2012) Irrigation water and microbiological safety of fresh produce; South Africa as a case study : a review. AJAR, 7, 35, 4848-4857.

22.  Klemm., O., Schemenauer, R.S., Lummerich, A., Cereceda, P., Marzol, V., Corell, D., Van Heerden, J., Reinhard, D., Gherezghiher, T. , Olivier, J., Osses, P., Sarsour, J., Frost, E., Roth-Nebelsick, A. ,Estrela, M., Valiente, J., Fessehaye, Gm., Ebner, M., Miranda, T., and  Anker,  K. (2012) Fog as freshwater resource: Overview and perspectives. Ambio, 41, 3,  221-234, DOI: 10.1007/s13280-012-0247-8.
23. Kroon, J., and van Wyk, P, J. (2012) A model to determine the economic viability of water fluoridation, J. Public Health Dent., 72   4, 327-333.

Kroon, J., and van Wyk, P,J.(2012) A retrospective view on the viability of water fluoridation in South Africa to prevent dental caries. Community Dent. Oral , 40, 5, 441-450.

25. Kruger, T., Barnhoorn, I,. van Vuren, J,J., and Bornman, R. (2012), The use of the urogenital papillae of male feral African sharptooth catfish (Clarias gariepinus) as indicator of exposure to estrogenic chemicals in two polluted dams in an urban nature reserve, Gauteng, South Africa. Ecotox. Environ. Safe., 87,  98-107.

Landman, S., Engelbrecht, F.A., Engelbrecht, C.J., Dyson, L.L. & and Landman, W.A,  (2012) A short-range weather prediction system for South Africa based on a multi-model approach. Water SA, 38, 5, 765-774

27. Malisawa, M.S. and Rautenbach, C.J.deW. (2012) Evaluating water scarcity in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region by using a climate moisture index (CMI) indicator. Water Sci. Technol.: Water Supply, 12,1, 45-55.
28. Marchand, M. J.,van Dyk, J C.,; Barnhoorn, I. E. J., and Wagenaar, GM. (2012) Histopathological changes in two potential indicator fish species from a hyper-eutrophic freshwater ecosystem in South Africa: a baseline study. Afr. J. Aquat. Sci., 37,1, 39-48.

Meyer, J. A. and Casey, N. H. (2012) Establishing risk assessment on water quality for livestock. Animal Frontiers, 2:44-49.


Mutero, C.M., Schlodder, D., Kabatereine, N. and Kramer, R (2012) Integrated vector management for malaria control in Uganda: knowledge, perceptions and policy development. Malar. J.,11  Article Number: 21  DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-11-21.

31. Myburgh, J. G., Huchzermeyer, F, W., Soley, J,T., Booyse, D. G., Groenewald,  H. B., Bekker, L. C., Iguchi, T. and  Guillette, L. J. (2012) Technique for the collection of clear urine from the Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus). J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc., doi:10.4102/jsava.v83i1.

Naidoo, V., Wolter, K., Espie, I., and  Kotze, A (Kotze, Antoinette) (2012) lead toxicity: consequences and interventions in an intensively managed (Gyps coprotheres) vulture colony, J. Zoo Wildlife Med. ,43, 3, 573-578.


Ncube, E. J., d Voyi, K. an du Preez, H. (2012) Implementing a protocol for selection and prioritisation of organic contaminants in the drinking water value chain: Case study of Rand Water, South Africa. Water SA,38 ,4,487-503.


Ngomane, L. and  de Jager, C (2012) Changes in malaria morbidity and mortality in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa (2001-2009): a retrospective study. Malar. J, 11  Article Number: 19  DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-11-19.


Oberholster P.J., Myburgh J.G., Ashton P.J., Coetzee J.J., Botha A-M. (2012) Bioaccumulation of aluminium and iron in the food-chain of Lake Loskop, contaminated with acid mine drainage and organic pollution. Ecotox. Environ. Safe., 75, 134-141.


Olutola, B. G. and Ayo-Yusuf, O.A. (2012) socio-environmental factors associated with self-rated oral health in South Africa: A multilevel effects model. Inter. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 9,10, 3465-3483.


Pretorius, L., Brown, L., Bredenkamp, G.,and Mostert, T (2012), Characterization of wetland systems and zones based on vegetation composition on the Maputaland Coastal Plain. S.Afr. J. Bot., 79, 236-236.


Ramatsoma, M.S. and Chirwa, E.M.N., (2012), Computational simulation of flocculent sedimentation based on experimental results. Water Sci. Technol.,65, 6, 1007-1013.


Shabalala, A.N. and Combrinck, W.L.,(2012) Correlation of water quality with farming activities : hydrochemical characteristics of the Bonsma Dam, KwaZulu-Natal Water SA, 38, 6, 33-36.

40. Simate, G. S., Iyuke, S. E.; Ndlovu, S. and Heydenrych, M. (2012) The heterogeneous coagulation and flocculation of brewery wastewater using carbon nanotubes. Water Res., 46, 4, 1185-1197.
41.  Simate, Geoffrey S., Iyuke, S. E.,Ndlovu, S., Heydenrych, M. and Walubita, L. F. (2012) Human health effects of residual carbon nanotubes and traditional water treatment chemicals in drinking water. Environ. Int., 39,1, 38-49.
42. Swarts, R.J. and Schoeman, J.J., (2012) An investigation into a treatment strategy for the Berg River water at the Voëlvlei water treatment plant. Wat.Sci.Technol: Water Supply, 12, 1, 56-64.

Tekere,M., Prinsloo, A., Olivier, J. Jonker, N. and Venter, S. (2012) An evaluation of the bacterial diversity at Tshipise, Mphephu and Sagole hot water springs, Limpopo Province. South Africa. Afr. J. Microbiol. Res., 6 (23) 4993 - 5004.

44. Van Dijk, M., Van Vuuren, F., Bhagwan, J., and Kurtz, A. (2012), Tapping untapped renewable energy. Civil Engineering, 20, 5,19-23.
45. Van der Laan, M., van Antwerpen, R., and Bristow, K.L. (2012) River water quality in the northern sugarcane-producing regions of South Africa and implications for irrigation: A scoping study. Water SA, 38, 1, 87-96.
46. Van Vuuren, S.J. and Van Dijk, M. (2012). The discontinuity required at an air valve or vent or for effective pipeline de-aeration. J. S. Afr. Civ. Eng., 54, 2, 94 -100.

Van Wyk, S. J. P., Boutigny, A.-L., Coutinho, T. A., and Viljoen, A. (2012) Sanitation of a South African forestry nursery contaminated with Fusarium circinatum using hydrogen peroxide at specific oxidation reduction potentials. Plant Dis., 96, 875-880.

48.  Valverde, A., Tuffin, M. and Cowan, D.A. (2012) Biogeography of bacterial communities in hot springs : a focus on the actinobacteria', Extremophiles, 16, 4, 669-679, doi: 10.1007/s00792-012-0465-9.

Wittenberg, D.F. (2012) Management guidelines for acute infective diarrhoea/gastroenteritis in infants. SAMJ,102, 2, 104-107.


Welz, P.J., Ramond, J.B., Cowan, D.A. and Burton, S.G. (2012) Phenolic removal processes in biological sand filters, sand columns and microcosm, Bioresource technol., 199, 262-269. 


2012: Active Water Research Commission funded projects

1. Title An investigation into the link between water quality and vegetables from the farming to the processing stages of production and marketing
  Project leader: Prof L Korsten
  UP affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology
  Project period: 1 April 2009 - 31 March 2015

2. Title Investigation into the existence of unique environmental Escherichia Coli population
  Project leader: Prof SN Venter
  UP affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology
  Project period: 1 April 2010 - 31 March 2013

3. Title Water governance decentralisation in Africa: A framework for reform processes and performance analysis
  Project leader: Prof RM Hassan
  UP affiliation: Centre for Environmental Economics and Policy in Africa
  Project period: 1 April 2012 - 30 September 2013

4. Title  Rehabilitation of alien invaded riparian zones and catchments using indigineous trees: An assessment of indigeneous tree water use.
  Project leader:  Prof J Annandale
  UP affiliation:  Department of Plant Production and Soil Science
  Project period:  1 April 2011 - 31 March 2016

5. Title Optimising fog water harvesting
  Project leader: Prof J Olivier
  UP affiliation: Department of Geography, Geoinformatics and Meteorology
  Project period: 1 May 2011 - 31 October 2015

6. Title Vadose zone hydrology: Spatial and temporal influences, assessment techniques and aquifer susceptibility
  Project leader: M Dippenaar
  UP affiliation: Department of Geology
  Project period: 1 May 2012 - 31 October 2014

7. Title  Quantifying the fertilizer value of wastewater sludges for agriculture
  Project leader:  Dr EH Tesfamariam
  UP affiliation:  Department of Plant Production and Soil Sciences
  Project period:  1 April 2012 - 31 March 2015

8. Title Characterization of indigenous anaerobic ammonium oxidizing (anammox) bacteria grown in microaerobic environments
  Project leader: Prof E Chirwa
  UP affiliation: Department of Chemical Engineering
  Project period: 1 April 2012 - 31 March 2014

9. Title  Determination of the change in hydraulic capacity in pipelines
  Project leader:  Prof F van Vuuren
  UP affiliation:  Department of Civil Engineering
  Project period:  1 March 2012 - 31 Marh 2015

10. Title Evaluation of the risk associated with the use of rain water harvested from roof tops for domestic use and homestead food gardens, Groundwater for domestic use and livestock watering
  Project leader: Prof L Korsten
  UP affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Plant Pathology
  Project period: 1 April 2012 - 31 March 2016

11. Title Water use and crop parameters of pastures for livestock grazing management
  Project leader:  Dr W Truter
  UP affiliation:  Department of Plant Production and Soil Science
  Project period:  1 April 2012 - 31 March 2016

12. Title Hydrogeological heritage overview: Upper and lower fountains, Pretoria, City of Tshwane
  Project leader: MA Dippenaar
  UP affiliation: Department of Geology
  Project period: 1 March 2012 - 30 September 2013