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Department of Anthropology & Archaeology


M.Phil. (University of Glasgow) Ph.D. (London School of Economics)

Tel:         +27 12 420 4117

I am an economic anthropologist trained at the LSE. My research examined the role of cultural capital in Nepal’s industrialization process and the way its industrial structures are embedded within broader social and political hierarchies.  This included in-depth studies of the politics of international trade including WTO and the urban mobilization of the Maoist movement in Nepal. I worked as an International Trade Specialist at the World Bank during 2004 and 2009, where I founded an Export Competitiveness Thematic Group that brought together leading economic sociologists, business scholars, and macroeconomists to work out an interdisciplinary framework for industrial development. I have advised governments in Asia and Africa on their policies for industrial development. My current research interests are: (i) business communities in the Nepal-India border towns; (ii) industrial history of the city of Pretoria; (iii) trade union movements in South Asia and South Africa. 


Shakya, M. 2012. “Nepali Economic History through the Ethnic Lens: Changing State Relationships with Entrepreneurial Elites.” In M. Lawoti and S. Hangen (eds.) The Changing Face of Ethnic Movements in Nepal. Routledge London: Politics and International Relations Series. Normal 0 false false false EN-ZA X-NONE X-NONE

Shakya, M. 2011. “Bridging the Design Gap: The Case of the Nepali Clothing Industry” In The Journal of Modern Craft. 4 (3), pp. 295-310. Berg London. Normal 0 false false false EN-ZA X-NONE X-NONE

Shakya, M. 2011. “World Bank and Private Sector Development: Is ‘Doing Business’ an Extension of the Structural Adjustment Programme or a Departure?” In St. Antony’s International Review. Oxford. 6 (3), pp. 30-39.

Shakya, M. 2010. “Capitalism, Culture and the Rising Wave of Communism in Nepal’ in In Himalaya: Association of Nepal and Himalayan Studies. 28 (1 and 2). Reproduced in M. Lawoti (ed). Himalaya: Ethnicity, Inequality and Politics in Nepal. Social Science Press: Kathmandu.

Shakya, M. 2007. “Our Hymns are Different but Our Gods are the Same:  Trust and Social Networking in Modern Garment Factories in Nepal.” In European Bulletin of Himalayan Research: CNRS, 31, spring, pp. 67-82.

Shakya, M. 2004. “Nepalisation of an Indian Industry:  The Fast Evolving (and Dismantling) Ready-Made Garment Industry of Nepal” inContributions to Nepalese Studies: TU Kathmandu, 31 (3), pp. 265-291.

Himes, J.; Parker, D. and M. Shakya. 2000. “Economic Dimensions of the Conventions on the Rights of the Child”in A. Petren and J. Himes (eds) Children’s Rights: Turning Principles into Practice, Falth & Hassler: Sweden. [Foreword by Honourable Mary Robinson, former President of Ireland]

Shakya, M. 1999. “Economic Liberalisation and Nepal.”  The Organisation, Vol. 2, July-September, pp. 24-38.