University of Pretoria
Centre for Sustainable Malaria Control
Malaria is a complex parasitic disease confined mostly to tropical areas and transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles. According to the World Health Organization' records for 2012, there were 207 million malaria cases worldwide with 627,000 deaths. Most of these deaths (90%) occurred in sub-Saharan Africa of which 77% were in children younger than 5 years of age. Malaria-endemic countries are faced with high cost of prevention and treatment of the disease.
An urgent need exists for research and surveillance in many malaria areas to eliminate malaria with the use of an integrated management approach, including safer alternatives to DDT. To reduce reliance on this potentially harmful compound, support is needed for integrated and multi-partner strategies for malaria control, and for continued development of new technologies and strategies as sustainable alternative malaria control methods.
The battle to control malaria is largely based on two strategies: control of the vector mosquitoes, and control of the malaria parasite. At the same time n
ovel approaches to secure community disease awareness and support for public health campaigns are also important and will enable communities to contribute to an integrated management approach.
Social Development Month (October) - 22/10/2014
Pro-poor strategies such as social grants, the national school nutrition programme and the expanded Public Works Programme, amongst others, reflect a better understanding in that the most vulnerable are assisted to break the poverty trap.
Limpopo’s tomato growers have to face up to climate change - 20/10/2014
Limpopo Province produces 66% of the total annual tonnage of tomatoes grown in South Africa. The province is also deemed particularly vulnerable to the impact of climate change, partly because it is exposed to extreme weather events. A new study demonstrates the extent to which current climate change scenarios are likely to impact tomato production and proposes possible methods for farmers to mitigate the impact.
Walking the tightrope - 20/10/2014
Twenty first century organisations can be as large and powerful as countries, yet the communication and knowledge revolution has shrunk the planet and its people into a global village. These extremes of size and a shifting environment force organisations to walk a tightrope balancing people, planet and profit.
UP conducts validation trial for IDEXX’s new pregnancy test for cows - 17/10/2014
Improved pregnancy rates among cattle mean greater profitability for dairy and beef farmers. IDEXX, an international company dealing with diagnostic products in animal health, recently approached the University of Pretoria with a request to conduct a project to assist in devising reliable, cost-effective methods for diagnosing pregnancy in cattle. This led to the bovine pregnancy test validation trial, which is being conducted in the South African dairy industry.