University of Pretoria Centre for Sustainable Malaria Control
Malaria is a complex parasitic disease confined mostly to tropical areas and transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles. There are an estimated 250 million clinical cases of malaria worldwide, causing nearly a million deaths each year, mostly of children younger than 5 years of age and mostly in sub-Saharan Africa. Malaria-endemic countries are faced with high cost of prevention and treatment of the disease.
The organochlorine pesticide, Dichlorodiphenyltrichloro-ethane (DDT) is still used for indoor spraying in South Africa and several other African countries for malaria vector control. The Stockholm Convention permitted the production and usage of DDT in accordance with recommendations and guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO) when safe, effective and affordable alternatives are not locally available. However, owing to scientific evidence of health effects associated with DDT exposure, the UN Environment Program (UNEP) and the WHO proposed to reduce the application of DDT by 30 percent worldwide by 2014 and predicted its total phase-out by the early 2020s – if not sooner.
An urgent need exists for research and surveillance in many malaria areas to eliminate malaria with the use of an integrated management approach, including safer alternatives to DDT. To reduce reliance on this potentially harmful compound, support is needed for integrated and multi-partner strategies for vector control and for continued development of new technologies and strategies as sustainable alternative malaria control methods. Novel approaches to secure community disease awareness and support for public health campaigns are also important and will enable communities to contribute to an integrated management approach.
Tuks Camerata gets high recognition - 07/03/2014
Michael Barrett, composer and conductor of the University of Pretoria’s 71-member Tuks Camerata student choir, has been paid the high compliment of having one of his works published by the biggest international distributor of choral music.
Report by UP's Prof Heyns considered in EU resolution - 05/03/2014
On 27 February 2014 the European Parliament adopted Resolution 2014/2567(RSP) on the use of armed drones wherein it notes its concerns on the deaths of thousands of civilians where drones have been used. The European Parliament’s resolution comes after the 2013 reports submitted to the UN General Assembly and Human Rights Council by among others, the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, Professor Christof Heyns, who is also the co-director of the Institute for International and Comparative Law in Africa from the Faculty of Law at the University of Pretoria.
Research on the use of information and communication technologies - 27/02/2014
A pilot study was conducted by Prof Felicite Fairer-Wessels of the Tourism Management Division amongst selected non-profit visitor information centres (VIC) to determine whether the information managers have sufficient knowledge management capabilities in terms of tacit or explicit knowledge, the knowledge management information life cycle and knowledge management assets in terms of organisational processes.